Early dating of the new testament
Moreover, the advocates of this hypothesis point out that the Apostles' office corresponded with that of the Prophets of the Old Law, inferring that as inspiration was attached to the so the Apostles were aided by Divine inspiration whenever in the exercise of their calling they either spoke or wrote.
Positive arguments are deduced from the New Testament to establish that a permanent prophetical (see CHARISMATA) was enjoyed by the Apostles through a special indwelling of the Holy Ghost, beginning with Pentecost: Matthew -20; Acts ; 1 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians 13:3; 1 Thessalonians , are cited. Paul's); that books current under an Apostle's name in the Early Church, such as the Epistle of Barnabas and the Apocalypse of St.
Those writings which possessed the unmistakable stamp and guarantee of Apostolic origin must from the very first have been specially prized and venerated, and their copies eagerly sought by local Churches and individual Christians of means, in preference to the narratives and , or Sayings of Christ, coming from less authorized sources.
Already in the New Testament itself there is some evidence of a certain diffusion of canonical books: 2 Peter -16 supposes its readers to be acquainted with some of St. John's Gospel implicitly presupposes the existence of the Synoptics (Matthew, Mark, and Luke).
In fact, for the earliest Christians the Gospel of Christ, in the wide sense above noted, was not to be classified with, because transcending, the Old Testament.
It was not until about the middle of the second century that under the rubric of the New Testament writings were assimilated to the Old; the authority of the New Testament as the Word preceded and produced its authority as a New Scripture.
The opponents of this theory allege against it that the Gospels of Mark and of Luke and Acts were not the work of Apostles (however, tradition connects the Second Gospel with St. Peter, were nevertheless excluded from canonical rank, while on the other hand Origen and St.
In Batiffol's view the Judaic notion of inspiration did not at first enter into the selection of the Christian Scriptures.
The weight of Catholic theological opinion is deservedly against mere Apostolicity as a sufficient criterion of inspiration.
The adverse view has been taken by Franzelin (De Divinâ Traditione et Scripturâ, 1882), Schmid (De Inspirationis Bibliorum Vi et Ratione, 1885), Crets (De Divinâ Bibliorum Inspiratione, 1886), Leitner (Die prophetische Inspiration, 1895--a monograph), Pesch (De Inspiratione Sacræ, 1906).
books and portions of books, their canonicity having formerly been a subject of some controversy in the Church.
These are for the entire books: the Epistle to the Hebrews, that of James, the Second of St.